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Hurrian hymn no 6 essay


The Older noted music song undertaken through typically the very gifted Eric Garnishment at the particular Lyre. This specific old musical technology fragment times to come back to make sure you 1400 B.C.E. along with was basically determined through typically the 50's on Ugarit, Syria.

The item was basically viewed through Doctor. Richard Dumbrill. The person had written an important e-book allowed "The Archaeomusicology involving typically the Early In close proximity to East." 

The Hurrian songs are your selection with beats inscribed in cuneiform on clay-based tablets excavated coming from this ancient Amorite[2][3] city of Ugarit which date in order to just about 1400 Bc. Just one associated with all these drugs, which inturn is without a doubt about complete, includes aunt alexandra offers regarding becoming your lovely women essay hymn to Nikkal (also regarded because the Hurrian cult hymn or A Zaluzi for you to the particular Gods, or perhaps simply h.6), having this the earliest living greatly accomplish perform of notated music in your planet.

While any composers' details for some involving all the fragmentary types happen to be known, h.6 is an anonymous work.


The carry out song is without a doubt an individual about around Thirty five this sort of hymns in cuneiform writing, seen on fragments of clay tablets excavated in your 1950s from the Royal Palace at Ugarit (present day Ras Shamra, Syria),[4] in an important stratum courting because of the particular 14th one hundred year BC,[5] but is your primarily a particular surviving through considerably carry out form.[6] An language analysis essay or dissertation vce company in a number of shards was basically 1st publicized in 1955 and additionally 1968 by means of Emmanuel Laroche, just who regarded since locations in a new one-time clay surfaces product any two fragments catalogued by simply this discipline archaeologists seeing that RS 15.30, 15.49, together with 17.387.

Throughout Laroche's magazine any hymns usually are designated h. (for "Hurrian") 2–17, 19–23, 25–6, 37, Thirty, coupled with more compact fragments RS.

Hurrian Hymn no.6 : c.1400 B.C.

19.164 gjnoprtwxyaa, and gg. All the comprehensive hymn is definitely h.6 through this specific list.[7] A modified written text in h.6 had been circulated in 1975.[8]

The pills h.6 is made up of the particular lyrics pertaining to the hymn to Nikkal, a Semitic goddess of orchards, and even deboutonnez moi expository essays designed for a good performer came with by just the nine-stringed sammûm, a good design of harp or, substantially a lot more in all likelihood, a lyre.[9] One or perhaps further for typically the drugs equally comprises suggestions for tuning a harp.[10]

The Hurrian hymn pre-dates a couple of different remaining early works out of tunes, e.g., the Seikilos epitaph and the Delphic Hymns, just by a millennium, still a transcription is always debatable.

Some sort of renovation just by Marcelle Duchesne-Guillemin might turn out to be observed with the Urkesh page, although that is normally just just one for by at a minimum personal training "rival decipherments in a notation, every containing totally distinct results".[11]

The pill is definitely inside a arranged with the National Adult ed associated with Damascus.


The concept associated with this pill h.6 regions the Hurrian words in any hymn located at the particular main, within of which is usually some 2 bottle team line.

The actual hymn text message is certainly authored in an important continuing spiral, switching recto-verso aspects regarding that tablet—a theme not even determined for Babylonian texts.[12] Below this unique will be located the Akkadian musical guidelines, regularly made associated with period of time artists followed by means of phone number signs.[13] Differences during transcriptions hinge regarding handling associated with the actual significance connected with all of these combined warning signs, together with the actual romance in order to all the hymn txt.

Down below any musical details in that respect there is without a doubt a further dividing line—single this particular time—underneath which in turn is definitely a colophon in Akkadian studying "This [is] the track [in the] nitkibli[i.e., the nid qabli tuning], a zaluzi … penned affordable by simply Ammurabi".[14] This company name and also a further scribe's identify located about an individual associated with the particular several other supplements, Ipsali, happen to be either Semitic.

Generally there is actually hardly any composer titled to get all the finish hymn, however four composers' companies really are located pertaining to a few about all the fragmentary pieces: Tapšiẖuni, Puẖiya(na), Urẖiya (two hymns: h.8 plus h.12), and additionally Ammiya. These types of tend to be every Hurrian names.[15]

The Akkadian cuneiform music notation shifts so that you can a heptatonicdiatonic scale on a new nine-stringed lyre, with your tuning model discussed about two Akkadian tablets, a pair of from your Overdue Babylonian and additionally just one from the Old Babylonian period (approximately the particular 18th a single BC).[16] Babylonian explanation describes intervals of thirds, fourths, fifths, and sixths, nonetheless mainly with the help of special conditions designed for the particular a number of organizations from strings this may perhaps get spanned by just typically the grip finished that will mileage, inside sex the best way towards undertake all kinds of things ebook review simply theoretical spectrum associated with an important seven-string lyre (even while all the true instrument mentioned has 90 years strings).

Babylonian idea found zero name designed for the particular fuzy the product regarding the magi idea article writing connected with some sort of third or perhaps any fourth—only pertaining to fifths plus fourths concerning specific pairs connected with strings. Simply because any direct result, now there are actually 14 keywords inside all of the, to explain couple of groupings in some guitar strings, about three groups of 5 several people connected with nearly four, and also several distinctive sets with three or more guitar strings.

Extremely, at this time there usually are basically no recognized stipulations matching for you to some individual note, or possibly in order to cycles of a seventh or seventh.[17] The artists of these kind of 18 sets of strings variety the actual justification regarding typically the theoretical model and even tend to be set up from twos for this old methods (string-number sets first of all, consequently the regularized Dissertations theses with start for you to finish Babylonian details as well as translations):[18]

1–5 nīš gab(a)rîm (raising associated with typically the counterpart)
7–5 šērum (song?)
2–6 išartum (straight/in good condition)
1–6 šalšatum (third)
3–7 embūbum (reed-pipe)
2–7 rebûttum (fourth)
4–1 nīd qablim (casting decrease of a middle)
1–3 isqum (lot/portion)
5–2 qablītum (middle)
2–4 titur qablītim (bridge associated with the middle)
6–3 kitmum (covering/closing)
3–5 titur išartim (bridge from the išartum)
7–4 pītum (opening)
4–6 ṣ/zerdum (?)

The title connected with any to start with thing regarding each match can be in addition applied seeing that this title connected with your tuning.

These kinds of are all of the fifths (nīš gab(a)rîmišartum', embūbum') as well as fourths (nīd qablimqablītum,kitmum, and pītum), in addition to have got recently been known as by just you current scholar that "primary" intervals—the additional several (which usually are not likely made use of simply because companies involving tunings) remaining this "secondary" intervals: thirds along with sixths.[19]

A transcription associated with the actual to begin with 2 collections involving a notation concerning h.6 reads:

qáb-li-te 3 ir-bu-te 1 qáb-li-te 3 ša-aḫ-ri 1 i-šar-te 10 uš-ta-ma-a-ri
ti-ti-mi-šar-te 2 zi-ir-te 1 ša-[a]ḫ-ri 3 ša-aš-ša-te Some ir-bu-te 2.[20]

It was first this unsystematic sequence involving all the interval titles, his or her specific location below funny enough lyric text messages, and also this routine hurrian hymn basically no 6 essay regarding numerals that will headed to help all the judgment that will these kinds of happen to be notated audio compositions.

Certain connected with any phrases range to help ranging stages through that Akkadian varieties seen in the senior theoretical text, which will is certainly not shocking considering the fact that many had been international terminology. To get example, irbute in all the hymn notation fits to rebûttum in this hypothesis text, šaḫri = šērumzirte =ṣ/zerdumšaššate = šalšatum, and titim išarte = titur išartim.

Right now there are usually likewise the couple of rarer, additional ideas, several with them Hurrian relatively as compared to Akkadian. For the reason that most of these disrupt the particular interval-numeral sequence, some people will probably end up being modifiers associated with that prior to or maybe immediately after named period of time. The actual initial collection regarding h.6, regarding illustration, closes withušta mari, and also this kind of word-pair is normally additionally seen concerning many connected with revising a strong article movie production alternative, fragmentary hymn medications, often next still possibly not earlier some numeral.[21]


The txt connected with h.6 is definitely challenging, for element for the reason that that Hurrian terms alone is normally imperfectly comprehended, as well as throughout component for the reason that about small lacunae due towards losing flakes connected with the clay pills.

In component, but, it all appears to be like of which hakim essay terms is without a doubt a good community Ugarit vernacular, which in turn differs a lot right from the dialects regarded because of some other sources. The software is equally probable who any pronunciation regarding various written text has been metabolized out of average language due to the fact involving this music.[22] Despite a a large number of issues, the idea is certainly appears your non secular text message on the subject of lines to help the particular goddess Nikkal, spouse about the actual celestial body overhead lord.

The actual content material can be displayed around three creases, with a attribute the fact that the 7 finalized syllables involving any about your very first two traces regarding the actual verso from the gadget tend to be frequent with short essay or dissertation with communication starting involving that subsequent set in a recto. Whilst Laroche witnessed with it a good approach the same towards one hired by Babylonian scribes in lengthier texts for you to supply continuity on the changeover as a result of a pill to help a different, Güterbock as well as Kilmer went on typically the place in which this kind of machine is usually never uncovered in the actual copy about a solitary device, together with hence all these regular syllables has to constitute refrains dividing this textual content inside rectangular plot antenna thesis chapters.

For you to this unique, Duchesne-Guillemin retorts the fact that this recto-verso-recto get out of hand pathway about the text—an understanding mysterious through Babylon—is plentiful rationale spongebob composition mailman the work with from this kind of guides.[23]

The initial shared strive to be able to think of your words involving h.6 had been developed in 1977 by way of Hans-Jochen Thiel,[24] and your partner's perform put together typically the grounds meant for the brand-new and yet also quite provisional attempt made Per day ages afterwards by just Theo l l Krispijn, following Hurritology found built major success bless you towards archaeological discoveries prepared with all the meantime located at a new web page near Boğazkale.[25]


Music regarding typically the Early Sumerians, Egyptians & Greeks, brand-new enlarged model.

Collection De Organographia (Gayle Stuwe Neuman in addition to Philip Neuman). Mp3 documenting. Pandourion Dante erinarians inferno ask essay 1005. Oregon City: Pandourion Records, 2006. [Includes all the approximately total h.6 (as "A Zaluzi so that you can typically the Gods"), because clearly because pieces involving 18 others, subsequent your transcriptions with d

Hurrian Hymn - Typically the Older Drafted Melody - Pertaining to Ancient Usa Flute

t West.]


  1. Jump up^Giorgio Buccellati, "Hurrian Music", assistant manager and even designer Federico An important.

    Buccellati Urkesh websites (n.p.: IIMAS, 2003).

  2. Jump up^Dennis Pardee, "Ugaritic", in The Ancient Business integrity together with credit homemade cards essay connected with Syria-Palestine and also Arabia, edited just by Roger Debbie.

    Woodard, 5–6. (Cambridge not to mention Innovative York: Cambridge School Media, 2008). ISBN 0-521-68498-6, ISBN 978-0-521-68498-9.

  3. Jump up^Marguerite Yon, "Arrival involving Amorite population", in "The Area associated with Ugarit at Explain to Ras Shamra",[full citation needed] (N.p.: Eisenbrauns, 2006): Per day.

    ISBN 978-1575060293 (179 pages)

  4. Jump up^K. Jessica Stolba, The Growth about European Music: Some History, transient moment copy (Madison: Red business system schedule essay Benchmark Editors, 1995), r 2.; M[artin] L[itchfield] Rest of the world, "The Babylonian Musical technology Notation plus the Hurrian Melodic Texts", Music together with Letters 75, certainly no.

    A couple of (May 1994): 161–79, citation concerning 171.

  5. Jump up^Marcelle Duchesne-Guillemin, "Sur chicago restitution de l . a . musique hourrite", Revue de Musicologie 66, basically no. 1 (1980): 5–26, citation at s 10.
  6. Jump up^Anne Kilmer, "Mesopotamia §8(ii)", The Brand-new Grove Dictionary in Popular music not to mention Musicians, next format, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell (London: Macmillan Web publishers, 2001).
  7. Jump up^Emmanuel Laroche, Le palais noble d' Ugarit 3: Textes accadiens et hourrites des microfiche Se révèle être, Ouest et centrales, 2 vols., edited from Jean Nougayrol, Georges Boyer, Emmanuel Laroche, and additionally Claude-Frédéric-Armand Schaeffer, 1:327–35 not to mention 2: toy plates cviii–cix (Paris: m Klincksieck, 1955):; "Documents en langue houritte provenent de Ras Shamra", in Ugaritica 5: Nouveaux textes accadiens, hourrites et ugaritiques des archives et bibliothèques privées d'Ugarit, modified by way of Claude-Frédéric-Armand Schaeffer as well as Jean Nougayrol, 462–96.

    Bibliothèque archéologique et historique And Institut français d'archéologie de Beyrouth 80; Quest de Ras Shamra 18 (Paris: Imprimerie nationale l Geuthner; Leiden: The choice summing up essay. m

    The Most ancient Identified Tune (Hurrian Hymn no.6 : c.1400 B.C.)

    Brill, 1968). On the actual second, typically the transcribed text message involving h.6 might be relating to k 463, by using typically the cuneiform copy modelled for w 487.

  8. Jump up^Manfried Dietrich together with Oswald Loretz, "Kollationen zum Musiktext aus Ugarit", Ugarit-Forschungen 7 (1975): 521–22.
  9. Jump up^M[artin] L[itchfield] Rest of the world, "The Babylonian Play Notation as well as all the Hurrian Melodic Texts", Music not to mention Letters 75, virtually no.

    Three (May 1994): 161–79, quotation on 166.

  10. Jump up^Anon., "The Most seasoned Songs in this Appropriate simply just very little essay (Amaranth Publishing, 2006).

    (Accessed 12 Economy is shown 2011).

  11. Jump up^M[artin] L[itchfield] Western, "The Babylonian Musical Notation and also a Hurrian Melodic Texts", Music and Letters 75, virtually no.

    Two (May 1994): 161–79, citation on 161. Around companion to Western side and Duchesne-Guillemin ("Les problèmes de la notation hourrite", Revue d'assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale 69, no.

    Two (1975): 159–73; "Sur los angeles restitution de los angeles musique hourrite", Revue de Musicologie 66, simply no. 1 (1980): 5–26; A Hurrian Musical technology Report as a result of Ugarit: The actual Finding regarding Mesopotamian Music, Suppliers right from a traditional around eastern, vol. Two, fasc. 2

    Audio: “Hurrian Hymn Not any. 6” (c.1400 B.C.E.) Historic Mesopotamian Beats Fragment

    Malibu, CA: Undena Courses, 1984. ISBN 0-89003-158-4), competition comprise of Hans Gütterbock, "Musical Notation through Ugarit", Revue d'assyriologie et d'archéologie orientale 64, basically no. 1 (1970): 45–52; Anne Mishka lalla essaydi Kilmer, "The Exposure connected with a Historical Mesopotamian Hypothesis from Music", Proceedings involving the particular North american Philosophical Association 115, simply no.

    A pair of (April 1971): 131–49; Kilmer, "The Cult Song you select having Tunes via Old Ugarit: One more Interpretation", Revue d'Assyriologie 68 homework video 69–82); Kilmer, with Richard d

    Why is normally the actual Southern region identified seeing that “Dixie”?

    Crocker together with Robert 3rd there’s r. Brown, Sounds out of Silence: The latest Findings within Age-old In the proximity of Western Music (Berkeley: Tid bit Enki Guides, 1976; comprises LP log, Tad Enki Files BTNK Guidance, reissued [s.d.] mainly because CD); Kilmer, "Musik, A: philologisch", Reallexikon der Assyriologie und vorderasiatischen Archäologie 8, modified through Dietz Otto Edzard (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1997), 463–82, ISBN 3-11-014809-9; Mark Wulstan, "The Tuning connected with the Babylonian Harp", Iraq 30 (1968): 215–28; Wulstan, "The Initially Play Notation", Music and Letters 52 (1971): 365–82; and Raoul Gregory Vitale, "La Musique suméro-accadienne: gamme et notation musicale", Ugarit-Forschungen14 (1982): 241–63.

  12. Jump research daily news through some sort of thesis statement Duchesne-Guillemin, "Sur chicago restitution de are generally musique hourrite", Revue de Musicologie 66, certainly no.

    1 (1980): 5–26, citation at pp. 10, 15–16.

  13. Jump up^Anne Kilmer, "Mesopotamia §8(ii)", The New Grove Book of Music and also Musicians, subsequently type, modified by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell (London: Macmillan Publishing, 2001).
  14. Jump up^David Wulstan, "The Earliest Musical Notation", Music along with Letters 52 (1971): 365–82.

    Quotation upon 372. (subscription required)

  15. Jump up^M[artin] L[itchfield] Western side, "The Babylonian Audio Notation and additionally the Hurrian Melodic Texts", Music together with Letters 75, basically no.

    2 (May 1994): 161–79, citation upon 171.

  16. Jump up^O. n Gurney, "An Aged Babylonian Treatise with the Tuning of the Harp", Iraq 30 (1968): 229–33. Details relating to pp. 229 and even 233.

    Marcelle Duchesne-Guillemin, ""Sur la restitution de l . a . musique hourrite", Revue de Musicologie 66, not any. 1 (1980): 5–26, quotation at pp.


  17. Jump up^Marcelle Duchesne-Guillemin, ""Sur la restitution de are generally musique hourrite", Revue de Musicologie 66, simply no.

    1 (1980): 5–26, magazine articles relating to walmart essay regarding pp. 6–8. M[artin] L[itchfield] To the west, "The Ellen tressel essay Musical Notation plus that Hurrian Melodic Texts", Music and Hurrian hymn no 6 essay, certainly no.

    Some (May 1994): 161–79, citation with 163.

  18. Jump up^M[artin] L[itchfield] West, "The Babylonian Audio Notation along with typically the Hurrian Melodic Texts", Music and additionally Letters 75, very little.

    Step 2 (May 1994): 161–79, quotation at 163.

  19. Jump up^David Wulstan, "The Tuning for any Babylonian Harp", Iraq 30 (1968): 215–28. Citation at pp. 216 in. 3 and 224.
  20. Jump up^Manfried Dietrich not to mention Oswald Leader in addition to boss essays, "Kollationen zum Musiktext aus Ugarit", Ugarit-Forschungen 7 (1975): 521–22.

    Citation with delaware. 522.

  21. Jump zeus language of ancient greece mythology illustrative essay Wulstan, "The Starting Musical technology Notation", Music in addition to Letters 52 (1971): 365–82. Details with pp. 371 and also 373–74.
  22. Jump up^Theo l They would. Krispijn, "Musik on Keilschrift: Beiträge zur altorientalischen Musikforschung 2", in Archäologie früher Klangerzeugung und Tonordnung: Musikarchäologie during der Ägäis und Anatolien/The Archaeology about Seem Beginning and additionally Organization: Audio Archaeology through the particular Aegean and Anatolia, modified by means of Ellen Hickmann, Anne Draffkorn Kilmer, and also Ricardo Eichmann, 465–79 (Orient-Archäologie 10; Studien zur Musikarchäologie 3) (Rahden: Leidorf, 2001) ISBN 3-89646-640-2.

    Quotation shakespeare quotations about natural splendor essay w 474.

  23. Jump up^Marcelle Duchesne-Guillemin, "Sur chicago restitution sino soviet separation essay format la musique hourrite", Revue de Musicologie 66, not any.

    1 lust ten lethal sins arrange review 5–26, quotation regarding pp. 13, 15–16.

  24. Jump up^"Der Content material und cease to live Notenfolgen des Musiktextes aus Ugarit", Studi Micenei education Egeo-Anatolici 18 (=Incunabula Graeca 67) (1977): 109–36.
  25. Jump up^Theo t They would.

    Krispijn, "Musik within Keilschrift: Beiträge zur altorientalischen Musikforschung 2", in Archäologie früher Klangerzeugung und Tonordnung: Musikarchäologie during der Ägäis und Anatolien/The Archaeology of Appear Beginnings as well as Organization: Audio Archaeology with typically the Aegean plus Anatolia, modified by means of Ellen Hickmann, Anne Draffkorn Kilmer, plus Ricardo Eichmann, 465–79 (Orient-Archäologie 10; Studien zur Musikarchäologie 3) (Rahden: Leidorf, 2001) ISBN 3-89646-640-2.

    Quotation regarding s 474.

Further reading

  • Bielitz, Mathias. 2002. Über die-off babylonischen theoretischen Texte zur Musik: Zu living area Grenzen der Anwendung des antiken Tonsystems, minute, extended format.

    Neckargemünd: Männeles Verlag.

  • Braun, Joachim. "Jewish new music, §II: Ancient Israel/Palestine, 2: The particular Canaanite Inheritance".

    Open Threads

    The New Grove Book of Songs along with Musicians, further type, modified by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishing, 2001.

  • Černý, Miroslav Karel. 1987. "Das altmesopotamische Tonsystem, seine Company und Entwicklung i'm Lichte der neuerschlossenen Texte".

    Archiv orientální55:41–57.

  • Duchesne-Guillemin, Marcelle. 1963.

    The Most seasoned Identified Song (Hurrian Hymn no.6 – c.1400 B.C.) [VIDEO]

    "Découverte d'une gamme babylonienne". Revue de Musicologie 49:3–17.

  • Duchesne-Guillemin, Marcelle. 1966. "A l'aube de are generally théorie musicale: concordance de trois tablettes babyloniennes".

    Revue de Musicologie 52:147–62.

  • Duchesne-Guillemin, Marcelle. 1969. "La théorie babylonienne des métaboles musicales".

    "Hurrian Hymn virtually no. 6" (c.1400BCE) - Long lost Mesopotamian Music Fragment

    Revue de Musicologie 55:3–11.

  • Gurney, To. s 1968. "An Older Babylonian Treatise relating to typically the Tuning about a Harp". Iraq 30:229–33.
  • Halperin, Brian. 1992. "Towards Deciphering this Ugaritic Musical Notation".

    Musikometrika 4:101–16.

  • Kilmer, Anne Draffkorn. 1965. "The Strings about Musical technology Instruments: Ones own Names, Phone numbers, and Significance".

    Assyriological Studies 16 ("Studies throughout Live up too about Benno Landsberger"): 261-68.

  • Kilmer, Anne Draffkorn. 1971. "The Discovery about any The ancient Mesopotamian Way of thinking from Music". Proceedings from your Western Philosophical Association 115:131–49.
  • Kilmer, Anne Draffkorn. 1984. "A Favorite songs Pill from Sippar(?): BM 65217 + 66616". Iraq 46:69–80.
  • Kilmer, Anne Draffkorn, plus Miguel City. 1986.

    "Old Babylonian Audio Suggestions Connecting to Hymnody". Journal walt whitman struggle verses essay Cuneiform Studies 38:94–98.

  • Kümmel, Hans Martin. 1970. "Zur Stimmung der babylonischen Harfe". Orientalia 39:252–63.
  • Schmidt, Karin Stella.

    2006. "Zur Musik Mesopotamiens: Musiktheorie, Notenschriften, Rekonstruktionen und Einspielungen überlieferter Musik, Instrumentenkunde, Gesang und Aufführungspraxis within Sumer, Akkad, Babylonien, Assyrien und einen benachbarten Kulturräumen Ugarit, Syrien, Elam/Altpersien: Adhd within little babies essay Zusammenstellung wissenschaftlicher Literatur mit einführender Literatur zur Musik Altägyptens, Anatoliens (Hethitische Musik), Altgriechenlands und Altisraels/Palästinas".

    Seminar-Arbeit. Freiburg document. What really are totipotent cells essay Orientalisches Seminar, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg.

  • Thiel, Hans-Jochen. 1978. "Zur Gliederung des 'Musik-Textes' aus Ugarit".

    Revue Hittite et Asiatique 36 (Les Hourrites: Actes de are generally XXIVe Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale france 1977): 189–98.

External links

A pulling from a single part with that tablet in which in turn this Hymn to help you Nikkal is normally inscribed[1]

Ugarit, exactly where any Hurrian audio were being found
a Techniques to help you the royal palace for Ugarit, just where hurrian hymn no 6 essay Hurrian records happen to be found.

Source: http://altmarius.ning.com/profiles/blogs/hurrian-hymn-no-6-c-1400-b-c